Cody and his dam, Aline  both 100% Wienerau

 

Ingredient Definitions

 go to DOG FOOD MYTHS for a better understanding (under construction)

Want to know what a particular ingredient does for your pet? Read the ingredient definitions below for more information.

AAFCO (The Association of American Feed Control Officials) sets guidelines and definitions for animal feed, including pet foods.

 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  I  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V  W  Y  Z 


A


Apples

A natural source of dietary fiber, vitamin C and B vitamins.

 
Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C. Acts as an antioxidant in the feed (preserves shelf life, prevents rancidity). Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats (they can produce adequate amounts on their own).

 
  • Alfalfa Meal - the aerial portion of the alfalfa plant, reasonably free from other crop plants, weeds and mold, which has been suncured and finely ground.

  • Animal Digest - material which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed animal tissue. The animal tissues used shall be exclusive of hair, horns, teeth, hooves and feathers, except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice and shall be suitable for animal feed.

  • Animal Fat - is obtained from the tissues of mammals and/or poultry in the commercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consists predominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains no additions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as a preservative".

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    B


    Barley (Cracked Pearl)

    Whole grain. Has 50% more protein than rice. Slow burning carbohydrate source, helps control blood sugar levels and helps keep the pet feeling satisfied for a longer period of time.

     
    Biotin

    B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids, and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and hair coat.

     
    Blueberries

    Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are a natural boost to the immune system.

     
    Brown Rice

    Whole grain brown rice ground to a powder. Whole grains are metabolized more slowly, providing a steady supply of energy throughout the day. Source of fiber, carbohydrates, and vitamin B.

  • Barley - consists of at least 80 percent sound barley and must not contain more than 3 percent heat-damaged kernels, 6 percent foreign material, 20 percent other grains or 10 percent wild oats.

  • Barley Flour - soft, finely ground and bolted barley meal obtained from the milling of barley. It consists essentially of the starch and gluten of the endosperm.

  • Beef (meat) - is the clean flesh derived from slaughtered cattle, and is limited to that part of the striate muscle which is skeletal or that which is found in the tongue, in the diaphragm, in the heart, or in the esophagus; with or without the accompanying and overlying fat and the portions of the skin, sinew, nerve and blood vessels which normally accompany the flesh.

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  • Beet Pulp ("beet pulp, dried molasses" and "beet pulp, dried, plain") - the dried residue from sugar beets.

  • Brewer's Rice - the dried extracted residue of rice resulting from the manufacture of worth (liquid portion of malted grain) or beer and may contain pulverized dried spent hops in an amount not to exceed 3 percent.

  • Brown Rice - unpolished rice after the kernels have been removed. Not a complete AAFCO definition.

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    C


    Calcium Pantothenate

    Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth, and haircoat color.

     
    Carrots

    A natural source of B vitamins and beta carotene, an antioxidant.

     
    Chicken (fresh)

    Food grade chicken that has been mechanically separated from the bone. Never frozen, arrives less than 24 hours after it is processed. Enhances palatability, low ash.

     
    Chicken Fat

    The most digestible animal fat source available. This is a liquid at room temperature which indicates a higher level of polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to fats which are solid at room temperature and are higher in saturated fatty acids. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of Omega 6) and Linoleic (Omega-6) Acid.

     
    Chicken Meal

    Lean carcass (muscle and bone). No feathers or internal organs. We use a specially processed, low ash meal. Protein, phosphorus, and calcium come from the meal.

     
    Chicory Root (dried)

    A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

     
    Choline Chloride

    A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals, and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

     
    Chondroitin Sulfate

    A naturally occurring substance in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage. This supplement is derived from poultry cartilage.

     
    Copper Proteinate

    Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

     
    Copper Sulfate

    An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

     
    Corn Gluten Meal

    The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten, and germ from the processes employed in the manufacture of corn syrup. It is an excellent low ash protein source which is highly digestible.

     
    Cranberry Powder

    All natural source of vitamin C and potassium. May have some ability to acidify the urine, but not consistently. Some sources list it as having an ability to block bacteria from adhering to the bladder wall, thus preventing bladder infections.

     
  • Carrots - presumably carrots. No AAFCO definition.

  • Chicken - the clean combination of flesh and skin with or without accompanying bone, derived from the parts or whole carcasses of chicken or a combination thereof, exclusive of feathers, heads, feet and entrails.

  • Chicken By-Product Meal - consists of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered chicken, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidable in good processing practice.

  • Chicken Liver Meal - chicken livers which have been ground or otherwise reduced in particle size.

  • Chicken Meal - chicken which has been ground or otherwise reduced in particle size.

  • Corn - unspecified corn product. Not a complete AAFCO definition.

  • Corn Bran - the outer coating of the corn kernel, with little or none of the starchy part of the germ.

  • Corn Germ Meal (Dry Milled) - ground corn germ which consists of corn germ with other parts of the corn kernel from which part of the oil has been removed and is the product obtained in the dry milling process of manufacture of corn meal, corn grits, hominy feed and other corn products.

  • Corn Gluten - that part of the commercial shelled corn that remains after the extraction of the larger portion of the starch, gluten, and term by the processes employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup.

  • Corn Gluten Meal - the dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ, and the separation of the bran by the process employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm.

  • Corn Syrup - concentrated juice derived from corn.

  • Cracked Pearl Barley - cracked pearl barley resulting from the manufacture of pearl barley from clean barley.

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    D


    Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)

    All our puppy and kitten formulas are enhanced with DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid) – a natural Omega-3 fatty acid critical for brain and vision development. A growing puppy or kitten first receives DHA from its mother’s milk. Yet studies show that puppies and kittens can greatly benefit from DHA long after weaning.

     
    Dried Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract

    A digestive enzyme derived from yeast extracts, this ingredient helps promote healthy digestion.

     
  • Dehydrated Eggs - dried whole poultry eggs freed of moisture by thermal means.

  • Digest of Beef - material from beef which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed tissue. The tissues used shall be exclusive of hair, horns, teeth and hooves, except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice.

  • Digest of Beef By-Products - material from beef which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed tissue from non-rendered clean parts, other than meat, from cattle which includes, but is not limited to, lungs, spleen, kidneys, brain, livers, blood, bone, partially defated low-temperature fatty tissue, and stomachs and intestines freed of their contents. It does not include hair, horns, teeth and hoofs.

  • Digest of Poultry By-Products - material which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed tissue from non-rendered clean parts of carcasses of slaughtered poultry such as heads, feet, viscera, free from fecal content and foreign matter except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice.

  • Dried Animal Digest - dried material resulting from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed animal tissue. The animal tissue used shall be exclusive of hair, horns, teeth, hooves and feathers, except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice and shall be suitable for animal feed. If it bears a name descriptive of its kind or flavor(s), it must correspond thereto.

  • Dried Kelp - dried seaweed of the families Laminaricae and Fu-caeae. If the product is prepared by artificial drying, it may be called "dehydrated kelp".

  • Dried Milk Protein - obtained by drying the coagulated protein residue resulting from the controlled co-precipitation of casein, lactalbumin and minor mild proteins from defatted milk.

  • Dried Reduced Lactose Whey - no AAFCO definition available.

  • Dried Whey - the product obtained by removing water from the whey. It contains not less than 11 percent protein nor less than 61 percent lactose.

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    E


    Egg Product

    Cooked and dried whole eggs, free of shells and other non egg material. A high quality, highly digestible source of protein.

     
    Enterococcus faecieum

    A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the "bad" bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

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    F


    Ferrous sulfate

    Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

     
    Flavor (natural)

    Made from dried liver. Sprayed on the outside of the kibble.

     
    Flaxseed

    An all-natural plant source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Grown in Canada. Very palatable and stable.

     
    Folic Acid

    A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

  • Feeding Oatmeal - obtained in the manufacture of rolled oat groats or rolled oats and consists of broken oat groats, oat groat chips, and floury portions of the oat groats, with only such quantity of finely ground oat hulls as is unavoidable in the usual process of commercial milling. It must not contain more than 4 percent crude fiber.

  • Fish Meal - the clean, dried, ground tissue of undecomposed whole fish or fish cuttings, either or both, with or without the extraction of part of the oil. (Be aware that according to US Coast Guard regulations, all fish meal must be preserved with Ethoxyquin)

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    G


    Glucosamine Hydrochloride

    This is a naturally occurring substance that is a building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

     
  • Ground Corn (ground ear corn) - the entire ear of corn ground, without husks, with no greater portion of cob than occurs in the ear corn in its natural state.

  • Ground Dehulled Oats - presumably ground cleaned oats with hulls removed (ground oat groats). Not an AAFCO definition.

  • Ground Wheat - presumably a coarser grind of wheat flour. Not an AAFCO definition.

  • Ground Whole Brown Rice (Ground Brown Rice) - the entire product obtained by grinding the rice kernels after the hulls have been removed.

  • Ground Whole Wheat - ground whole kernel, presumably equivalent to AAFCO's Wheat Mill Run, Wheat Middlings, Wheat Shorts or Wheat Red Dog, whose principal differences are in the percentage of crude fiber.

  • Ground Yellow Corn - same as ground corn, except that the corn used is yellow in color.

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    I


    Iron Proteinate

    Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

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    K


    Kelp

    Seaweed plant that is a fiber and iodine source. Helps produce small firm stools. May reduce stool odor.

    Kibbled Corn - obtained by cooking cracked corn under steam pressure and extruding from an expeller or other mechanical pressure device.

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    L


    L-carnitine

    A vitamin-like substance that helps maintain normal metabolism. This helps the body burn fat for energy and helps normalize blood sugar levels. Also helps large breed puppies maintain lean body condition and strong bones.

     
    Lactobacillus acidophilus

    A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the "bad" bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

     
    Lactobacillus casei

    A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the "bad" bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

     
    Lamb (fresh)

    Food grade lamb, mechanically removed from the bone. Never frozen, arrives in less than 24 hours. Enhances palatability, low ash.

     
    Lamb Meal

    Lean carcass of lambs (muscle and bone), cooked and ground to a fine consistency. Purchased from New Zealand, a certified Scrapie free country. Scrapie is the sheep version of mad cow disease.

     
  • Lamb Bone Meal - (steamed) dried and ground product sterilized by cooking undecomposed bones with steam under pressure. Grease, gelatin and meat fiber may or may not be removed.

  • Lamb Digest - material resulting from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed lamb. The tissue used shall be exclusive of hair, horns, teeth and hooves, except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice and shall be suitable for animal feed.

  • Lamb Fat - obtained from the tissues of lamb in the commercial processes of rendering or extracting. It consists predominantly of glyceride esters of fatty acids and contains no additions of free fatty acids. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the words "used as a preservative".

  • Lamb Meal - the rendered product from lamb tissues, exclusive of blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents except in such amounts as may occur unavoidably in good processing practices.

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  • Linseed Meal - the product obtained by grinding the cake or chips which remain after removal of most of the oil from flaxseed by a mechanical extraction process. It must contain no more than 10 percent fiber. The words "mechanical extracted" are not required when listing as an ingredient in the manufactured food.

  • Liver - the hepatic gland (of whatever species is listed).

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    M


    Manganese proteinate

    Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

     
    Manganese Sulfate

    The manganese salt of sulfuric acid and is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

     
    Manganous oxide

    The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

     
    Methionine

    An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

     
    Milk (skim)

    Dairy source of protein and calcium.

     
    Millet

    A whole grain. Higher in protein than corn, rich in amino acids (lysine, methionine, and threonine). Low in tannins, which limit palatability and inhibit protein digestion.

     
  • Meat and Bone Meal - the rendered product from mammal tissues, including bone, exclusive of blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents, except in such amounts as may occur unavoidably in good processing practices.

  • Meat By-Products - the non rendered, clean parts, other than meat, derived from slaughtered mammals. It includes, but is not limited to, lungs, spleen, kidneys, brain, livers, blood, bone, partially defatted low-temperature fatty tissue and stomachs and intestines freed of their contents. It does not include hair, horns, teeth and hooves.

  • Meat Meal - the rendered product from mammal tissues, exclusive of blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents except in such amounts as may occur unavoidably in good processing practices.



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    N


    Natural chicken flavor

    A natural product made mostly from chicken livers. This ingredient is used on the outside of the kibble to enhance flavor.

     
    Niacin

    Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system, and energy metabolism. Dogs synthesize niacin from tryptophan (an amino acid) but cats must have it provided in their diet.

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    O


    Oatmeal

    Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

     
    Ocean fish meal

    A high quality source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. The omega-3 fatty acids from marine sources, EPA and DHA, provide nutrition for optimal skin and coat health as well as excellent overall health.

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    P


    Parsley

    A natural herb. Flavor enhancer.

     
    Peas

    Natural source of dietary fiber and B vitamins.

     
    Potassium Chloride

    Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

     
    Potassium Iodide

    Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

     
    Potatoes

    A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

     
    Powdered cellulose

    A natural plant fiber source. This ingredient is highly refined, a white powder that provides insoluble fiber to the diet. The purpose of insoluble fiber is to lower calories or help control hairballs in cats.

     
    Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

    Vitamin B6. Water soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system functio

  • Potatoes 

  • Poultry By-Product Meal - consists of the ground, rendered, clean parts of the carcass of slaughtered poultry, such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs, intestines, exclusive of feathers, except in such amounts as might occur unavoidably in good processing practices.

  • Poultry Digest - material which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed poultry tissue.

  • Poultry Fat (feed grade) - primarily obtained from the tissue of poultry in the commercial process of rendering or extracting. It shall contain only the fatty matter natural to the product produced under good manufacturing practices and shall contain no added free fatty acids or other materials obtained from fat. It must contain not less than 90 percent total fatty acids and not more than 3 percent of unsaponifiables and impurities. It shall have a minimum titer of 33 degrees Celsius. If an antioxidant is used, the common name or names must be indicated, followed by the word "preservative(s)".

  • Powdered Cellulose - purified, mechanically disintegrated cellulose prepared by processing alpha cellulose obtained as a pulp from fibrous plant materials.

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    R


    Riboflavin

    Vitamin B2. Water soluble. Antioxidant necessary for nervous system function, utilization of energy, healthy skin and coat, and tissue repair.

     
    Rosemary Extract

    Natural antioxidant added to help preserve the shelf life of the food.

     
  • Rice Bran - the pericarp or bran layer and germ of the rice, with only such quantity of hull fragments, chipped, broken, or brewer's rice, and calcium carbonate as is unavoidable in the regular milling of edible rice.

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    S


    Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation solubles

    A digestive enzyme derived from yeast extracts, this ingredient helps promote healthy digestion.

     
    Salmon (fresh)

    Mechanically deboned, ocean caught salmon. Salmon is one of the lowest mercury content ocean fish available. When salmon is fully cooked, as it is in our pet foods, there is no risk to the health of dogs consuming it.

     
    Salt

    Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas that are labeled for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

     
    Sodium Bisulfate

    An excellent urinary acidifier, this ingredient helps promote a urine pH of 6.1 - 6.4 in our adult cat formulas.

     
    Sodium Selenite

    Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

     
    Spinach

    Natural source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin A, folic acid and potassium.

     
  • Soy Flour

  • Soybean Hulls - consist primarily of the outer covering of the soybean.

  • Soybean Meal (Dehulled, solvent Extracted) - obtained by grinding the flakes remaining after removal of most of the oil from dehulled soybeans by a solvent extraction process.

  • Soybean Meal (Mechanical Extracted) - obtained by grinding the cake or chips which remain after removal of most of the oil from the soybeans by a mechanical extraction process.

  • Soybean Mill Run - composed of soybean hulls and such bean meats that adhere to the hulls and such bean meats that adhere to the hulls which results from normal milling operations in the production of dehulled soybean meal.

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    T


    Taurine

    Amino acid essential for cats that maintains healthy eyes and heart. Considered to be conditionally essential for dogs (meaning certain dogs require it in their diet under certain conditions - particularly true when the dog is eating a lamb formula that has low protein content).

     
    Thiamine mononitrate

    Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

     
    Tocopherols

    Natural preservative made of compounds of Vitamin E. Used to prevent rancidity in the chicken fat and the overall formula.

     
    Tomato pomace

    A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and small, firm stools.

     
    Tomatoes

    A natural source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

    Turkey Meal - the ground clean combination of flesh and skin with or without accompanying bone, derived from the parts or whole carcasses of turkey or a combination thereof, exclusive of feathers, heads, feet and entrails.

     
  • Tallow - animal fats with titer above 40 degrees Celsius.

  • Turkey - unspecified turkey. Not a complete AAFCO description.

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    V


    Vitamin A Supplement

    Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity, and tissue integrity.

     
    Vitamin B12 Supplement (Cobalamin)

    The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

     
    Vitamin D Supplement

    Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

     
    Vitamin E Supplement

    Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration, and immune function.

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    W


    White Rice

    Inner grain of rice (outer bran is removed). Highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient.

     
    Whole Grain Brown Rice

    The whole grain of unprocessed rice ground to a fine flour consistency. Benefits include fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin B.

    Whey   the product obtained as a fluid by separating the coagulum from milk, cream or skimmed milk and from which a portion of the milk fat may have been removed.

     
  •  Wheat Bran - the coarse outer covering of the wheat kernel as separated from       cleaned and scoured wheat in the usual process of commercial milling.

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  • Wheat Flour - wheat flour together with fine particles of wheat bran, wheat germ and the offal from the "tail of the mill". This product must be obtained in the usual process of commercial milling and must not contain more than 1.5 percent crude fiber.

  •  Wheat Germ Meal - consists chiefly of wheat germ together with some bran and midlings or short. It must contain not less than 25 percent crude protein and 7 percent crude fat.

  • Wheat Mill Run - coarse wheat bran, fine particles of wheat bran, wheat shorts, wheat germ, wheat flour and the offal from the "tail of the mill". This product must be obtained in the usual process of commercial milling and must contain not more than 9.5 percent crude fiber.   

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    Y


    Yucca Schidigera Extract

    Natural plant extract that has been proven to reduce stool odor.

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    Z


    Zinc Proteinate

    Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

     
    Zinc Sulfate

    Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. There is a genetically influenced abnormality in zinc absorption and metabolism in some breeds (Malamutes and Siberian Huskies) which may result in an increased dietary requirement for zinc.

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    Gina

    Phone:

    (505) 603-7362

    e-mail:
    saoa@vomkerschberger.com

    mail:
    5 Bisbee Crt Ste109-1
    Santa Fe, NM
    87508

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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